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IAP2 Public Participation Spectrum

This well-known one-page chart from the International Association for Public Participation (IAP2) shows how various forms of public participation have different levels of public involvement.  It categorizes public participation by the level of public impact on the decision-making process, beginning with informing the public, moving on to consulting with the public (taking feedback and ideas into consideration), then involving the public throughout the decision-making process, followed by collaborating with the public in the development of alternatives and the identification of a preferred solution, and culminating with empowering the public with decision-making power.  The chart lists a few techniques that fall under each category.

About IAP2
IAP2 is an international association of members who seek to promote and improve the practice of public participation in relation to individuals, governments, institutions, and other entities that affect the public interest in nations throughout the world. IAP2 carries out its mission by organizing and conducting activities to: Serve the learning needs of members through events, publications, and communication technology; Advocate for public participation throughout the world; Promote a results-oriented research agenda and use research to support educational and advocacy goals; Provide technical assistance to improve public participation.

Follow on Twitter: Below are some of the major IAP2 accounts. More IAP2 chapters can be found on Twitter…

US chapter- @IAP2USA
Canada chapter- @IAP2CDN
Australasia chapter- @IAP2A

Resource Link: c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.iap2.org/resource/resmgr/Foundations_Course/IAP2_P2_Spectrum.pdf

  More Resources  

Add a Comment

  1. NCDD Resource Center » Blog Archive » Spectrum of Processes for Collaboration and Consensus-Building in Public Decisions Says:

    […] of and inspiration from the spectra developed by International Association for Public Involvement (Public Participation Spectrum) and the National Coalition for Dialogue and Deliberation (Engagement Streams […]

  2. NCDD Resource Center » The Democracy Cube Says:

    […] first axis is similar to IAP2′s Spectrum of Public Participation typology, moving from individual education and communicative influence to advising or consulting, […]

  3. Kaliya Says:

    The link is broken.

    Here is a link to the current file – http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.iap2.org/resource/resmgr/Foundations_Course/IAP2_P2_Spectrum.pdf

  4. Keiva Hummel Says:

    Thank you for the update, Kaliya! Edits have been made.

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