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Posts with the Tag “assessment”

Intelligent Systems to Support Deliberative Democracy in Environmental Regulation

Among normative models for democracy, the Deliberative model suggests that public policy decisions should be made only following rational, public deliberation of alternative courses of action. The authors argue that such a model is particularly appropriate for the assessment of environmental and health risks of new substances and technologies, and for the development of appropriate regulatory responses. To give operational effect to these ideas, the authors propose a dialectical argumentation formalism for an intelligent system within which deliberative debates about risk and regulation can be conducted. The authors' formalism draws on various philosophies of argumentation, scientific and moral discourse, and communicative action, due to Toulmin, Pera, Alexy and Habermas. (continue)

Integrated Assessment Focus Groups: Bridging the Gap between Science and Policy

This paper considers the use of focus groups as a participartory mechanism in integrated assessments in complex environmental and other multidisciplinary issues. The authors describe in the methodology for using integrated assessment-focus groups and report on two cases studies that are using this methodology. The authors conclude that the use of this deliberative mechanism is critical in gaining meaningful assessments of complex policy issues. (continue)

Comparative Risk Assessment: Where Does the Public Fit In?

Comparative risk assessment (CRA) is playing an ever-increasing role in environmental policy priority setting, as manifested in national and numerous sub national comparative risk projects. It is widely accepted that public values, interests, and concerns should play an important role in CRA. However, the philosophical basis for public involvement in CRA has not been adequately explored, nor have comparative risk projects always made explicit their rationales for public involvement. (continue)

Evaluation Item Pool

This document lists evaluation questions used in the l994, 1995, and l996 surveys of students who participated in the National Issues Forums between the University of Georgia and Ithaca College. Both on-line and off-line items are included. (continue)

New Directions in Civic Engagement: University Avenue Meets Main Street

New Directions in Civic Engagement has four thematic elements representing the most pressing questions surrounding university and community partnerships. Each of those elements is available On the Pew Partnership for Civic Change website in a separate PDF. A fifth PDF includes the publication's introduction, lessons and endnotes. (continue)

Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building

Flipping the Script is a 156-page monograph designed for people who work in communities to identify and address issues of white privilege, oppression, racism and power as they play out in this work. It is for community builders, grant makers, technical assistance providers and others who are trying to develop more equitable and thoughtful partnerships with community residents and organizations. (continue)

Online Dialogue on Conflict/Situation Assessments

The fundamental aim of the Online Dialogue on Conflict/Situation Assessment was to simultaneously advance the field's experience and thinking in two areas: the use of online tools and the practice of conflict/situation assessment. The impetus for the 2003 Online Dialogue on Conflict/Situation Assessment project evolved out of two roundtable discussions held during the 2002 Conference on Environmental Conflict Resolution, hosted by the U. S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution (U.S. Institute) in Tucson, Arizona. One of these roundtables discussed the theory and practice of conflict/situation assessments; the other talked about the use of cutting-edge online technology to improve environmental and public policy dispute resolution and policy formulation. (continue)

Consensus Conferences as Deliberative Democracy: A Communications Perspective

Consensus conferences involve a small group of citizens who go through a learning process on a given technological issue, engage experts, and develop an assessment of the key issues they identify as critical. These models of technology assessment, intended to make the process more democratic, have increasingly been used in Europe. This study examines the first application in Canada on the issue of food biotechnology. It examines the consensus conference as a model of public deliberation with specific attention to communication processes. (continue)

Innovations in Democracy: An Evaluation of the Rogue Valley Wisdom Council

Discussions about participatory democracy frequently focus on levels of participation and its direct effects on policy-making. A new model for community dialogue has been developed called The Wisdom Council. This model focuses on high-quality conversation in a small group of participants, with a goal of affecting overall community conversation. Despite, or because of, its newness, there have been no critical evaluations of this approach. Recently, a Wisdom Council was held in the Rogue Valley of Southern Oregon. This 68-page thesis provides an evaluation of that event. (continue)

Democracy On Line: An Evaluation on the National Dialogue on Public Involvement in EPA Decisions

This is a case study of electronic public participation - dynamics of process, participants' attitudes about process, quality of communication and results of process. (continue)