Innovative forums that integrate citizen deliberation into policy making are revitalizing democracy in many places around the world. Yet controversy abounds over whether these forums ought to be seen as authentic sources of public opinion and how they should fit with existing political institutions. How can civic forums include less powerful citizens and ensure that their perspectives are heard on equal terms with more privileged citizens, officials, and policy experts? How can these fragile institutions communicate citizens’ policy preferences effectively and legitimately to the rest of the political system? Deliberation, Democracy, and Civic Forums proposes creative solutions for improving equality and publicity, which are grounded in new theories about democratic deliberation, a careful review of research and practice in the field, and several original studies. This book speaks to scholars, practitioners, and sponsors of civic engagement, public management and consultation, and deliberative and participatory democracy.www.cambridge.org/US/academic/subjects/sociology/political-sociology/deliberation-democracy-and-civic-forums-improving-equality-and-publicity
Airesis is a free software platform, built by a team of Italian developers and contributors, to enable communities and groups to organize themselves in a productive manner according to the principles of direct democracy and participation.
To achieve this goal, the application has been designed as a multifunctional system, which integrates all the tools that can help the development of a community, in particular "social" and deliberative tools.
Among social tools, Airesis offers blogs and a system of promotion of events and meetings with adjoining scheduling. Among deliberative tools it includes areas for the collection and deliberation of proposals and initiatives, and a voting system aimed to the election of candidates. The platform also allows you to create groups with access regulations policies and customizable permissions. Since the goal of Airesis is to stimulate participation, great attention has been spent in order to maximize the intuitiveness of the whole platform. The development philosophy is focused on continuous improvement, a kind of evolutionary process based on users feedback. The development team is available to meet the needs of the communities which want to use the software according to the spirit of direct democracy.More about Tecnologie Democratiche In the political arena and by the citizen, the Internet is increasingly perceived as potential instrument for the democratic participation; however, few and undeveloped are the web platforms conceived to help parties and political movement to involve citizens in the preparation of programs and policy proposals. The association "Tecnologie Democratiche" ("Democratic Technologies" ndr.) was created to satisfy this need, providing an enhanced tool to exploit the "collective intelligence", the skills and experiences of citizens, their creativity, their critical spirit, while ensuring at the same time democratic values in the various stages of the elaboration of a policy proposal. Follow Technologie Democratiche on Twitter: @ Learn more about the Airesis team here. Follow Airesis on Twitter: @ Resource Link: www.airesis.info/ This resource was submitted by Jacopo Tolja, the Internationalisation Team Leader at Associazione Tecnologie Democratiche via the Add-a-Resource form.
Deliberative event participants often differ in meaningful ways from the population they are intended to represent; however, less is known about whether various recruitment methods influence participant representativeness. Furthermore, a better understanding of where in the recruitment process lack of representation occurs is needed. We present a framework for understanding why event attendees might not represent the target population and then compare two different recruitment strategies using this framework. Specifically, we consider a Deliberative Poll that used a random-digit-dial telephone recruitment survey and a deliberative event that used a convenience sample web recruitment survey. For two stages in the recruitment process, we calculate nonresponse errors for statistics assessing demographic characteristics and confidence in local government. Notably, both recruitment methods resulted in event attendees that were older and better educated than the population they were intended to represent providing evidence that probability recruitment methods do not necessarily outperform nonprobability methods. Additionally, we demonstrate that aspects of the recruitment process other than the recruitment survey sampling method used can influence participant representativeneess. We conclude by discussing adjustments to the recruitment process that might improve the representativeness of event attendees.Download the case study from the Journal of Public Deliberation here. About the Journal of Public Deliberation Spearheaded by the Deliberative Democracy Consortium in collaboration with the International Association of Public Participation, the principal objective of Journal of Public Deliberation (JPD) is to synthesize the research, opinion, projects, experiments and experiences of academics and practitioners in the emerging multi-disciplinary field and political movement called by some “deliberative democracy.” By doing this, we hope to help improve future research endeavors in this field and aid in the transformation of modern representative democracy into a more citizen friendly form. Follow the Deliberative Democracy Consortium on Twitter: @delibdem Follow the International Association of Public Participation [US] on Twitter: @ Resource Link: www.publicdeliberation.net/jpd/vol11/iss1/
Contents of Volume 11, Issue 1 ArticlesAbout the Deliberative Democracy Consortium A network of scholars and practitioners who advocate public engagement and deliberative democracy. Follow on Twitter: @ About the International Association of Public Participation IAP2 is an international association of members who seek to promote and improve the practice of public participation in relation to individuals, governments, institutions, and other entities that affect the public interest in nations throughout the world. Follow IAP2 USA on Twitter: @ Resource Link: www.publicdeliberation.net/jpd/vol11/iss1/Context and Medium Matter: Expressing Disagreements Online and Face-to-Face in Political Deliberations Jennifer Stromer-Galley, Lauren Bryant, and Bruce BimberVariations of Institutional Design for Empowered Deliberation Carolina Johnson and John GastilInclusion, Equality, and Discourse Quality in Citizen Deliberations on Broadband Soo-Hye Han, William Schenck-Hamlin, and Donna Schenck-HamlinUnderstanding Participant Representativeness in Deliberative Events: A Case Study Comparing Probability and Non-Probability Recruitment Strategies Jamie Griffin, Tarik Abdel-Monem, Alan Tomkins, Amanda Richardson, and Stacia JorgensenDiverse Discourse: Analyzing the Potential of Public Affairs Magazine Online Forums to Reflect Qualities of the Public Sphere David Wolfgang and Joy JenkinsDeliberating While Voting: The Antecedents, Dynamics, And Consequences Of Talking While Completing Ballots In Two Vote-By-Mail States Justin Reedy and John GastilDemocratic Innovations in Deliberative Systems – The Case of the Estonian Citizens’ Assembly Process Magnus E. JonssonDoes Culture Matter for Deliberation? Linguistic Speech Cultures and Parliamentary Deliberation in Switzerland Seraina Pedrini Deliberation for Reconciliation in Divided Societies Magdalena Dembinska Dr. and Françoise Montambeault Dr. Book ReviewsReview of Everyone Counts: Could Participatory Budgeting Change Democracy by Josh Lerner and Making Democracy Fun: How Game Design Can Empower Citizens and Transform Politics by Josh Lerner Stephanie McNultyReview of The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions by Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg Nicholas A. Felts
Review of Facebook Democracy: The Architecture of Disclosure and the Threat of Public Life by José Marichal Justin G. Foote
Vallejo was the first city in the United States to implement city wide Participatory Budgeting Practice, as thousands are participating to make calls and to brainstorm ideas that would affect them and they are working with Participatory Budgeting Project (PBP) to help increase the living standards of the residents to the better by representing the people and giving them better services and to give training workshops, also to allocate millions of dollars the tax payers money to something the locals would choose on where to use it at, it is making the people make their decision on how to spend the money, the people had formed 12 projects which affects their civic life and making constant meetings for residents to gather and make decisionsLearn more about PB in Vallejo from the Participatory Budgeting Project: www.participatorybudgeting.org/vallejo/ More about Participedia Participedia harnesses the power of collaboration to respond to a recent global phenomenon: the rapid development of experiments in new forms of participatory politics and governance around the world. Participedia responds to these developments by providing a low-cost, easy way for hundreds of researchers and practitioners from across the globe to catalogue and compare the performance of participatory political processes. Follow on Twitter: @ Resource Link: http://participedia.net/en/cases/participatory-budgeting-vallejo-ca-us
Americans depend on easy access to energy. Most of us take it for granted that we will be able to light up a room with the flick of a switch, adjust the temperature of our homes at will, and climb into our cars every morning to go to work, often at distant sites.
We use more energy than any other country. Americans make up only 4.5 percent of the world’s population, yet we consume about 20 percent of the world’s energy production. Collectively, we drive more, heat more, air condition more, and plug in more electronic devices than anyone else. We use 22 percent of the oil consumed in the world each day.
Worldwide energy use is on the upswing as well, and is projected to keep increasing, as rapidly developing countries, such as China, India, and Brazil, become bigger players in the worldwide market for energy supplies, especially oil. And— sooner or later—the world’s available supply of oil will run out.The Issue Guide presents three options for deliberation: Option One: "Produce the Energy We Need to Maintain Our Way of Life" We need to control our own sources of energy so that we do not have to depend on other, possibly unfriendly, countries for our supplies. We have abundant sources of energy in this country and off its shores. We should develop and use them. Option Two: "Put More Renewables and Clean Energy Sources into the Mix" Not only is our lavish use of fossil fuels causing untold damage to the environment, but someday we will run out of oil, coal, and natural gas. We need to make the switch to renewable sources of energy, such as wind and sun, as soon as possible. Option Three: "Find Ways to Use Less Energy" The most practical way to deal with our current energy problems in not to produce more energy but to use less of it, and to do more with the energy we do use. This will involve both stricter government regulations and changes in our individual lifestyles. More about the NIFI Issue Guides NIFI’s Issue Guides introduce participants to several choices or approaches to consider. Rather than conforming to any single public proposal, each choice reflects widely held concerns and principles. Panels of experts review manuscripts to make sure the choices are presented accurately and fairly. By intention, Issue Guides do not identify individuals or organizations with partisan labels, such as Democratic, Republican, conservative, or liberal. The goal is to present ideas in a fresh way that encourages readers to judge them on their merit. Issue Guides are generally available in print or PDF download for a small fee ($2 to $4). All NIFI Issue Guides and associated tools can be accessed at www.nifi.org/en/issue-guides. Follow on Twitter: @NIForums. Resource Link: www.nifi.org/en/issue-guide/americas-energy-future
“A top-down plan cannot address the needs of a diverse community. It cannot sustain over the long haul, because leadership has limited time to devote any single program, and leadership also changes over time. Cultivating a strong grassroots effort is the only way to see an effort like this take root, sustain and grow.”– Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone, Somerville, MassachusettsThis case study, authored by The Intersector Project, tells the story of this initiative. More about The Intersector Project The Intersector Project is a New York-based 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that seeks to empower practitioners in the government, business, and non-profit sectors to collaborate to solve problems that cannot be solved by one sector alone. We provide free, publicly available resources for practitioners from every sector to implement collaborative solutions to complex problems. We take forward several years of research in collaborative governance done at the Center for Business and Government at Harvard’s Kennedy School and expand on that research to create practical, accessible resources for practitioners. Follow on Twitter @. Resource Link: http://intersector.com/case/shapeupsomerville_massachusetts/ (Download the case study PDF here.) This resource was submitted by Neil Britto, the Executive Director at The Intersector Project via the Add-a-Resource form.
Does online voting mobilize citizens who otherwise would not participate? During the annual participatory budgeting vote in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil -- the world's largest -- Internet voters were asked whether they would have participated had there not been an online voting option (i-voting). The study documents an 8.2 percent increase in total turn-out with the introduction of i-voting. In support of the mobilization hypothesis, unique survey data show that i-voting is mainly used by new participants rather than just for convenience by those who were already mobilized. The study also finds that age, gender, income, education, and social media usage are significant predictors of being online-only voters. Technology appears more likely to engage people who are younger, male, of higher income and educational attainment, and more frequent social media users.More about Paolo Spada Paolo is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Democratic Institutions at the University of British Columbia. He specializes in comparative public policy, with a focus on policy diffusion, policy analysis and institutional design. Check out his site here. More about Jonathan Mellon Jonathan is a Postdoctoral Fellow at University of Oxford - Nuffield College, working on the British Election Study. He also works for the World Bank as a data scientist analyzing online civic engagement in developed and developing country contexts, for the Organisation for Security and Co-Operation in Europe, running statistical analysis of election observer reports, and for the BBC on their election night coverage. Check out his wordpress here and follow on Twitter: @. More about Tiago Peixoto Having worked for 10 years as a practitioner and researcher in the field of ICT and participatory governance, Tiago is currently an open government specialist at the ICT4Gov program of the World Bank’s Open Government cluster. Read his blog, DemocracySpot, which is focused on the intersection of participation and technology. Follow on Twitter: @. More about Fredrik M. Sjoberg Dr. Fredrik M Sjoberg is a data analyst and political scientist with extensive experience in the developing world. He currently manages a research team on Digital Citizen Engagement at the World Bank and is a Research Affiliate with Data-Pop Alliance. Learn more about him here and follow on Twitter: @. Resource Link: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract