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Posts with the Tag “Australia”

Public Participation or Public Relations

Many government agencies and corporations conduct public consultation exercises for the purpose of gaining community acceptance for hazardous facilities or undesirable developments. Since consultation in these circumstances is not aimed at genuine participation in decision making, it becomes a public relations exercise that seeks to manipulate public opinion and perceptions. (continue)

Brisbane Declaration on Community Engagement

The Brisbane Declaration drew on numerous definitions and aspirations for community engagement, including IAP2's core values and the Queensland Government's community engagement resources. A draft of the Declaration was reviewed and revised to reflect the feedback from the community of practitioners, academics, policy advisers, government and citizens who responded to a questionnaire. Importantly, there were also a number of deliberative sessions on the Declaration held during the 2005 International Conference on Engaging Communities. Feedback from these sessions was incorporated into the final version of the Declaration. (continue)

Active Democracy

Lyn Carson's website provides easy access to information which individuals, groups or organisations can use to enhance citizens' involvement in the activities of local, state or federal government. Carson is a senior lecturer in applied politics with Government and International Relations in the School of Economics and Political Science, at the University of Sydney Australia. (continue)

Random Selection in Politics

Carson and Martin provide the first accessible and comprehensive overview of "random selection" as a possible process for transforming our modern political systems. Building on the theoretical work of the likes of John Burnheim and Fred Emery and drawing on their own work with social action groups, they outline a set of methods that go beyond the mere tapping of community opinion to reveal not only preferences but a more active role in creating the community. (continue)

Characteristics of Debate, Dialogue and Deliberation Table

This chart, which compares dialogue, deliberation and debate in simple terms, is taken from materials for a workshop entitled 'Deliberation forums: a pathway for public participation.' The workshop was given by Zelma Bone, Judith Crockett and Sandra Hodge at the APEN (Australasia Pacific Extension Network) International Conference 2006 on Practice Change for Sustainable Communities in Victoria, Australia. (continue)

Auditing Community Participation

The central issue in any community development activity is that of participation. Without community participation, there are obviously no partnerships, no developments, no programmes. This 5-page paper looks at a way in which the success or failure of community participation programmes may be measured in a principled and inclusive manner, befitting the spirit and ethos of community development. Along the way, some comments are made concerning 'social capital' and trust, and how these concepts - if married with knowledge from psychology - may point the way to better participation programmes. (continue)

Working Together: Involving Community and Stakeholders in Decision-Making

This guide from Western Australia's Office of Citizens and Civics includes techniques and tools to help ensure that consultation processes are clear, fair and ultimately rewarding for all those involved. (continue)

Understanding Deliberativeness: Bridging Theory and Practice

Principles of deliberation developed by theorists are seldom tempered by the experience practitioners in the field have acquired. Drawing on several case studies of deliberative democratic initiatives in Western Australia, this paper seeks to highlight areas where theory and practice meet and diverge. Theoretical concepts of egalitarian processes, reasoned deliberation, consensus/common ground, and influence provide the framework for discussion. The paper offers lessons learned about deliberation, representation, and influence using different deliberative techniques. Concomitantly, it poses questions requiring further research. (continue)


Developed by the Citizens and Civics Unit of the government of Western Australia, the Citizenscape website is designed to provide resources for those interested in active citizenship and community consultation and participation. The site incorporates a catalog of direct links to government consultation efforts on a range of policy issues. (continue)

e-Engagement: Guidelines for Community Engagement using Information and Communications Technology

This document provides a framework for online consultations and should be used with reference to the Consulting Citizens series of guides . Information and communications technologies are constantly evolving, and this document has captured the current status of the ever-expanding ICT field. (continue)