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Posts with the Tag “decision-making”

Experimenting with Deliberative Democracy: Effects on Policy Preferences and Social Choice

Using data from the first fully randomized field experiment within a Deliberative Poll, we examine the effects of the Deliberative Poll's formal on-site deliberations on both policy preferences and "preference structuration" or single-peakedness (operationally, the proportion of individuals whose preferences are aligned along the same shared dimension). The issues were airport expansion and revenue sharing in New Haven, Connecticut and its surrounding towns. We find that deliberation significantly altered aggregate policy preferences and increased the degree of single-peakedness on revenue sharing, though not airport expansion. These results both confirm the promise of civic deliberation as a means of transforming citizen preferences and raise the question of how deliberation's effects may depend on the kind of issue being deliberated. (continue)

The Ebb and Flow of Community Participation in Economic Development

Along with support for local development, the federal government usually requires a certain level of community participation in decision-making. Nevertheless, from the point of view of groups typically excluded from political or planning processes (often low income, black communities), the record of federal mandates of community participation in development has been, at best, mixed. Regardless of whether a mandate has been strong or weak, the result has often been less than meaningful participation. The author wonders whether the real question to be answered is, "why should we bother with community participation at all?" (continue)

Democracy, Real and Ideal: Discourse Ethics and Radical Politics

By focusing the various difficulties encountered in applying theory to practical concerns, this book explores the reasons for the absence of a radical politics in Habermas's work. In doing so, it shows that certain political implications of the theory remain unexplored. (continue)

Experiments in Empowered Deliberative Democracy

This volume of the Real Utopias Project explores five innovative real-world experiments in such institutional redesign, experiments that in different ways enlist the energy and intelligence of ordinary people--often drawn from the lowest strata of society--in the solution of problems that plague them. The five cases are: (1) the participatory budget of Porto Alegre, Brazil; (2) neighborhood governance councils in Chicago; (3) the Wisconsin Regional Training Partnership (WRTP); (4) the Panchayat reforms in West Bengal, India; and (5) Habitat Conservation Planning under the Endangered Species Act. (continue)

Citizen Participation in Health (Care) Decision Making: What We Know and Where We Might Go

This paper examines the concept of citizen participation within the context of a series of basic questions from which decision makers might draw some policy relevance. These questions include: How is the organization/program accountable? Who should participate? What level of input could the community have in the decision-making process? In what types of decisions might citizens be involved? Given what we know, where might we go from here? (continue)

Accountability in Governance: The Challenge of Implementing the Aarhus Convention in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

The Aarhus Convention significantly extends international law in environmental governance. It can be a strong means of increasing democracy. The article studies the changing culture of governance in EECEA countries who are signatories to the agreement, following through the tensions that are made evident between the familiar forms of governance used in former Soviet Union countries and the requirements of the Convention. While NGOs have been successful in bringing cases to courts, it remains difficult for individuals to bring their concerns to legal scrutiny. (continue)

Simon Fraser University – Diploma in Dialogue and Negotiation

Lasting and durable multi-party agreements require collaborative decision-making processes. Authority-driven methods of decision-making with adversarial procedures for addressing conflict have generated increased demand for decision makers to be more responsive to individual and community interests and needs. The Diploma in Dialogue and Negotiation offers participants the conceptual tools to analyze, understand and plan multi-interest consensus, dialogue and negotiation using case studies and scenarios reflecting a wide range of contexts. The program will also provide participants with the skills to apply what they have learned to their respective sectors. (continue)

People & Participation: How to Put Citizens at the Heart of Decision-making

This 116-page guide was developed for public bodies such as local authorities, government departments or other statutory agencies who commission or deliver participatory processes; those with similar roles in the voluntary and private sectors; and people who want to know what to expect when they get involved in decision-making processes. This document is the first publication from UK-based Involve. It is based on research funded by the Home Office Civil Renewal Unit during 2004/5. Involve aims to create new systems that enable people to influence decisions and get involved in actions that affect their lives. (continue)

Participatory Budgeting in Brazil: Contestation, Cooperation, and Accountability

In this first rigorous comparative study of participatory budgeting (PB) in Brazil, Brian Wampler (Penn State University Press, 2007) draws evidence from eight municipalities in Brazil to show the varying degrees of success and failure PB has experienced. He identifies why some PB programs have done better than others in achieving the twin goals of ensuring governmental accountability and empowering citizenship rights for the poor residents of these cities in the quest for greater social justice and a well-functioning democracy. (continue)

The Whitman Institute

A private foundation located in San Francisco, TWI promotes open-mindedness, cross-perspective dialogue, and engaged communication to improve the process and quality of public and private decision-making. Our ultimate goals are to broaden the public conversation about the importance of critical and collaborative thinking and to link that deepened awareness to effect individual and social change. (continue)