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Posts with the Tag “environ sustainability”

An Empirical-Theoretical Analysis Framework for Public Participation in Environmental Impact Assessment

Public participation has been increasingly recognized as one of the most important aspects of environmental impact assessment. However, the definition of adequate evaluative criteria for public participation, with a strong theoretical backing, the functionality of empirical best practice and the consideration of the country-specific context, has remained elusive. The evaluative framework developed here is an attempt to fill this gap. (continue)

Public Involvement Policy of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

The EPA's Public Involvement Policy was produced in 2003 by the United States Office of Policy, Economics, Environmental and Innovation Protection Agency. It is available for download at www.epa.gov/publicinvolvement/policy2003/policy2003.pdf. (continue)

Comparative Risk Assessment: Where Does the Public Fit In?

Comparative risk assessment (CRA) is playing an ever-increasing role in environmental policy priority setting, as manifested in national and numerous sub national comparative risk projects. It is widely accepted that public values, interests, and concerns should play an important role in CRA. However, the philosophical basis for public involvement in CRA has not been adequately explored, nor have comparative risk projects always made explicit their rationales for public involvement. (continue)

Stakeholder Involvement & Public Participation at the U.S. EPA: Lessons Learned, Barriers, & Innovative Approaches

With this report, the Office of Environmental Policy Innovation (OEPI) has taken a fresh look at Agency efforts to involve the public by reviewing formal evaluations and informal summaries from across the Agency that identify, describe, and/or evaluate Agency stakeholder involvement and public participation activities. Based upon their review, OEPI identifies key crosscutting lessons learned, pinpoint unique barriers and ways to overcome them, and highlight innovative approaches to stakeholder involvement and public participation. (continue)

Evaluating Environmental Public Participation: Methodological Considerations

Increasingly, environmental agencies are engaged in public participation activities. Unfortunately, the limited evaluation of public participation programs also makes improvement of such programs more difficult. To encourage further thinking about the evaluation of environmental public participation programs, this article discusses some of the basic issues raised by evaluators of social programs (e.g. unemployment and housing, etc.) that have served as methodological proving grounds for evaluation. (continue)

NCDD Commentary: Report from the World Social Forum 2004

Lars Torres submitted this commentary for NCDD's website on January 25, 2004. It begins "There is something refreshing about the world's largest dialogue on globalization, and it is this: encounters with more than 100,000 people from around the world who believe deeply that 'another world is possible.' This statement, the slogan of the World Social Forum since its inception, is a tacit recognition that the world would be better off pursuing a different path than the present neoliberal trajectory of globalization.... (continue)

Differences Between Farmers and Scientists in the Perception of Soil Erosion: A South African Case Study

Placing women's knowledge of biodiversity and genetic resource management in an international policy context. In the past few years research institutions and development organizations have 'discovered' the relevance of men farmers' indigenous knowledge of genetic resource management and, after some delay, that of women farmers as well. At the same time, attention has been drawn to the global need to conserve biological diversity. This article argues that interest in women's knowledge and in biodiversity should be seen in the wider context of international economic and agricultural policies. (continue)

Public Participation in Integrated Water Resources Management: The Case of Tanzania

Effective and sustainable management of water resources is vital for ensuring sustainable development. However efforts of water resource management seem to demonstrate inappropriate practices, especially when compared to water consumption trends in developing countries in general, and sub-Saharan Africa in particular. Being a major and vital ingredient to human kind, water resources influence all sectors. However, there have been increased problems over time that subject water resources to a number of crisis and pressures. Poor water resources management have stimulated and sustained a number of problems related to health, socio-economic and environment, which need to be solved. (continue)

Democracy On Line: An Evaluation on the National Dialogue on Public Involvement in EPA Decisions

This is a case study of electronic public participation - dynamics of process, participants' attitudes about process, quality of communication and results of process. (continue)

Is Devolution Democratic? Assessing Collaborative Environmental Management

This paper proposes a normative framework for evaluating the democratic merits of collaborative policymaking processes in which authority is ostensibly devolved from higher levels of government to lower levels or from the public sector to the private sector. The framework casts the democracy of devolution in terms of six criteria: inclusiveness, representativeness, procedural fairness, lawfulness, deliberativeness, and empowerment. The framework is then applied to a random sample of 76 watershed-based stakeholder partnerships in California and Washington State. (continue)