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Posts with the Tag “facilitation technique”

Technology of Participation (ToP)

Technology of Participation (ToP®) is a collection of highly practical group facilitation methods developed by the Institute of Cultural Affairs (ICA). ToP consists of methods that enable groups to (1) engage in thoughtful and productive conversations, (2) develop common ground for working together, and (3) build effective short- and long-range plans. The ToP methods grew out of ICA’s work in community and organizational development around the world. ICA developed and tested the initial forms of these processes in the early 1960s in a new style […] (continue)

Ladder of Inference

The "ladder of inference" concept explains why most people don't usually remember where their deepest attitudes came from. The data is long since lost to memory, after years of inferential leaps. Being aware of the ladder of inference enables peopel to improve their communications and thinking by (1) becoming more aware of your own thinking and reasoning (reflection); making your thinking and reasoning more visible to others (advocacy); and inquiring into others' thinking and reasoning (inquiry). (continue)

Reflection

Reflection refers to thoughtfulness, concentration, meditation, contemplation - especially the calm, careful, continued consideration of something. Often it involves observing and coming to understand the functioning of one's own mind or heart (which is sometimes called self-reflexive awareness). (continue)

Talking Circle

Talking Circle is a different kind of meeting than most modern people are used to. The focus is on deepening, exploring and learning together, not on getting things done or completing an agenda. It is possible, with expert facilitation and savvy participation, to do both linear and circular modes in one meeting. Talking Circles are also referred to as Talking Stick Circles, Listening Circles, Wisdom Circles, and the Council Process. (continue)

Random Selection of Citizens for Technological Decision Making

This paper considers citizen participation in technological decision-making through random selection deliberative mechanisms such as citizens' jury, consensus conference, televote and deliberative poll. (continue)

The Art of Powerful Questions: Catalyzing Insight, Innovation and Action

This comprehensive guide explores the three dimensions of a powerful question - construction, scope and assumptions - and then offers sample questions for focusing collective attention, finding deeper insight and creating forward movement. This 18-page guide is a freely downloadable PDF document. (continue)

The Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online

In this great list of pointers for hosts of online conversations, Rheingold outlines what an online host hopes to achieve; characteristics of good online discussions and duties/behavior of a good host. (continue)

Beginning With the End in Mind

Issue framing is rooted in the belief that democracy depends upon people making choices together about how to deal with problems in their communities. Framing an issue for public deliberation requires us to examine a problem from many angles. It encourages us to be curious about - and even compassionate toward - ideas that differ from our own, so that our deliberations may help us discover common ground for action. A well-framed issue will be inclusive of differing perspectives and will be framed in public terms that citizens can relate to. This great 22-page workbook takes you through the various components or steps of framing an issue for public deliberation. (continue)

What’s Behind Issue Framing and Why Does it Matter?

In some way or another, most public issues need all of us to help remove the supports that keep the issues propped up and causing problems. The process of framing the approaches to the issues, and then deliberating them, assures that the issues get the complex attention they need. It is a foundation for multilateral action in the necessary combinations that most issues need, if we really intend to work on them. It assures we can discover and creatively use all perspectives - including, but not only, our favorite ones. (continue)

Graphic Facilitation

According to graphic facilitator Brandy Agerbeck (www.loosetooth.com), graphic facilitation is the practice of using words and images to create a conceptual map of a conversation. A graphic facilitator is the visual, usually silent partner to the traditional, verbal facilitator, drawing a large scale image at the front of the room in real-time.... (continue)

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